Our mandate

The following is the mandate of the NMRWB, and the principles that guide the mandate, taken directly from the Nunavik Inuit Land Claims Agreement:



5.1.2 This Article recognizes and reflects the following principles:

(a) Nunavik Inuit have traditionally used and occupied the NMR and continue to do so;

(b) from Nunavik Inuit traditional use and occupancy flow certain legal interests with respect to wildlife which Nunavik Inuit enjoy throughout the NMR;

(c) Nunavik Inuit are traditional and current users of wildlife and other resources of the NMR and have developed particular knowledge and understanding of the region and resources;

(d) the Nunavik Inuit population is steadily increasing;

(e) a long-term, healthy, renewable resource economy is both viable and desirable;

(f) there is a need for an effective system of wildlife management that respects Nunavik Inuit harvesting rights and priorities;

(g) there is a need for systems of wildlife management that provide optimum protection to the renewable resource economy;

(h) the wildlife management system and the exercise of Nunavik Inuit harvesting rights are governed by and subject to the principles of conservation;

(i) Nunavik Inuit shall have an effective role in all aspects of wildlife management; and

(j) Government has ultimate responsibility for wildlife management and agrees to exercise this responsibility in the NMR in accordance with the provisions of this Article.



5.1.3 The objective of this Article is to create a wildlife management system for the NMR that:

(a) defines and protects Nunavik Inuit harvesting rights;

(b) is governed by and implements the principles of conservation;

(c) reflects levels, patterns and the character of Nunavik Inuit harvesting;

(d) promotes the long-term economic, social and cultural interests of Nunavik Inuit;

(e) provides for harvesting and continued access by persons other than Nunavik Inuit;

(f) recognizes the value of Nunavik Inuit approaches to wildlife management and Nunavik Inuit knowledge of wildlife and wildlife habitat and integrates those approaches with knowledge gained through scientific research;

(g) integrates the management of all wildlife species and wildlife habitat within a comprehensive management system;

(h) provides for public participation and promotes public confidence in wildlife management, particularly amongst Nunavik Inuit;

(i) establishes the NMRWB to make decisions pertaining to wildlife management; and

(j) provides for effective coordination with other institutions responsible for the management of wildlife migrating between the NMR and other areas.


Principles of Conservation

5.1.4 The principles of conservation will be interpreted and applied giving full regard to the principles and objective outlined in sections 5.1.2 and 5.1.3 and the rights and obligations set out in this Article.

5.1.5 For the purposes of this Article the principles of conservation are:

(a) the maintenance of the natural balance of ecological systems within the NMR;

(b) the maintenance of vital, healthy wildlife populations capable of sustaining harvesting needs as defined in this Article;

(c) the protection of wildlife habitat; and

(d) the restoration and revitalization of depleted populations of wildlife and wildlife habitat.



5.1.6 For greater certainty, none of the rights in this Article other than those in Part 5.4 apply in respect of wildlife harvested outside the NMR.

5.1.7 Provisions of this Article shall be interpreted in a manner consistent with Article 29.


Mandate of the NMRWB

5.2.3 The NMRWB shall be the main instrument of wildlife management in the NMR and the main regulator of access to wildlife and have the primary responsibility in relation thereto in the manner described in this Agreement. Accordingly, the NMRWB shall perform the following functions:

(a) establishing, modifying or removing levels of total allowable take for a species, stock or population of wildlife other than anadromous fish spawning in Québec in accordance with sections 5.2.10 and 5.2.11;

(b) ascertaining the basic needs level for a species, stock or population of wildlife other than anadromous fish spawning in Québec, in accordance with sections 5.2.12 to 5.2.14;

(c) adjusting the basic needs level for a species, stock or population of wildlife other than anadromous fish spawning in Québec in accordance with sections 5.2.15 to 5.2.18;

(d) allocating from the total allowable take opportunities to harvest a species, stock or population of wildlife other than anadromous fish spawning in Québec in accordance with section 5.3.13;

(e) establishing, modifying or removing non-quota limitations in accordance with sections 5.2.19 to 5.2.22;

(f) participating in research in accordance with subsection and section 5.2.8;

(g) determining sufficiency of information and identifying and undertaking measures necessary to obtain the information to enable the NMRWB to establish the basic needs levels in accordance with section 5.2.14;

(h) cooperating with other wildlife management institutions which deal with species that are harvested in the NMR and migrate outside the NMR;

(i) setting any trophy fees on wildlife harvested in the NMR;

(j) providing advice to any other management institutions as requested on all matters relating to management, conservation, protection and regulation of wildlife and wildlife habitat; and

(k) any other function the NMRWB is required to perform by this Agreement and not specifically referred to in this section.

5.2.4 In addition to its primary functions outlined in section 5.2.3, the NMRWB shall in its discretion perform the following functions related to management and protection of wildlife and wildlife habitat:

(a) except for national parks, national park reserves and national marine parks, approve the establishment, disestablishment, and changes to boundaries of protected areas and Marine Protected Areas, related to management and protection of wildlife and wildlife habitat;

(b) identify wildlife management zones and areas of high biological productivity and provide recommendations to the Nunavik Marine Region Planning Commission with respect to planning in those areas;

(c) approve plans for management and protection of particular wildlife habitats including areas within protected areas;

(d) approve plans for:

(i) management, classification, protection, restocking or propagation, cultivation or husbandry of particular wildlife, including endangered species;

(ii) the regulation of imported non-indigenous species and the management of transplanted wildlife populations;

(e) provide advice to departments, the Nunavik Marine Region Impact Review Board and other concerned agencies and appropriate persons regarding mitigation measures and compensation to be required from commercial and industrial developers which cause damage to wildlife habitat;

(f) approve designation of rare, threatened and endangered species;

(g) provide advice as to requirements for the promotion of wildlife education, information and training of Nunavik Inuit for wildlife management; and

(h) any other functions assigned to it by this Agreement.

5.2.5 The NMRWB may perform other activities relating to the management of wildlife in the NMR and to the regulation of access to wildlife in the NMR as agreed by the NMRWB, Government and Makivik.

5.2.6 While habitat management and protection is an integral function of wildlife management, and as such is commensurate with the NMRWB’s responsibilities for wildlife matters, primary responsibility for the management of lands, including flora, shall be exercised by the appropriate institutions of public government.